Macedonia and the region do not integrate easily into EU
Experts say that the leaders or political parties have failed to meet democratic standards set by the EU. The European Commission report for the region and Macedonia will be released in October
- Protest against pollution in Tetovo - February 6, 2015
- Florin Besimi: Tetovo clinic becomes a modern treatment center - December 5, 2014
- Proskorykova, World bank: Macedonia need to do more, but has a bright future - November 3, 2014
Once again Macedonia will not get a date from the European Commission (EC) when the country will start negotiations for EU membership, experts predict.
Experts estimate that the blame lies with the leaders or political parties who have failed to meet democratic standards set by the EU and the platforms of the parties themselves.
Analysts believe that this phenomenon is due to the fact that Macedonia has no voters who freely decide about their political leaders on the basis of their platform and capabilities to fulfill the promises made during election campaigns. Unfortunately, Macedonian voters are frightened and blackmailed voters.
Analyst Suad Misini thinks that our voters tend to complain in bars and internal environments of the desperate situation we are in, but when time for action comes, they do nothing and elect the same people they “criticize”.
“They complain about the declarative way of widespread corruption. The biggest problem of the uninformed and above all frightened is the fact that someone needs to pay all benefits from the massive corruption of large social groups. And this bill will be their responsibility”, said Misini for Inbox 7.
Uninformed voters and lack of independent media
According to Misini, irresponsible voters who are easily sold and frightened are the main culprits for the future of our youth, which, according to him, is dark.
Adelina Marini, editor in chief of “Euinside” for Inbox7 said it was the political parties that need to be frightened of the failures of Macedonia. They create incorrectly informed voters where further problems come from. According to Marini, the reason for this is the lack of impartial media, independent of political influences.
“The reason for this is the lack of impartial media, independent of political influence”. “This presents a big problem not only in Macedonia, but for the whole Balkans”.
Marini believes that the reason why people make “wrong” choices results from the poor information from independent media dependent on the government.
“Good examples in this direction are actually Macedonia and Bulgaria.” “In Bulgaria it started relatively well, while the political class discovered the power of the media. Now the electorate is “under a spell” to repeatedly vote those who are in power”.
Marini says that this phenomenon has also another side of the story. According to her, with the EU big bang enlargement the EU realized that the transformation of a totalitarian society is a very challenging question which cannot be managed in a technical manner as the EU access candidate countries.
“In this case I think the case of Macedonia is an example where it is clearly shown how interests prevent the EU to help a country in transformation”.
In order to show peace and sustainability during the processes of transformation in Macedonia, the EU should be concerned with the political parties in the country. This was announced by the Centre for European Policy Studies, which released a report on the state of political parties in the Balkans. According to this report, the European Commission (EC) is to develop and review the standards of democratic performances of political parties and party systems as one of the formal conditions for membership.
Malinka Risteska Jordanovska from the European Policy Institute for Inbox7 says that the Government of Macedonia is the one responsible for the foreign policy of the country. She says that the ruling parties have not done everything for Macedonia to be part of the EU.
“It is hard to blame the political parties for not solving the name issue, which is seen as a major obstacle to non-membership. But in fact the government cannot escape from other responsibilities, such as: drastic deterioration of democratic standards in the country – full politicization of institutions, limiting media freedom, fragile interethnic relations, etc”.
Jordanovska thinks that the ruling parties are the ones that are to blame and not good enough relations with neighboring countries, constantly criticized in the EC report.
The culprit and negotiations
“With this conduct the government drastically worsens the position of Macedonia to the EU, including the name negotiations”.
Within the membership of the Western Balkans, Macedonia has setback in regional terms, from the leadership position in 2004/2005 to the position of loser in 2014. Regardless of the fact that it was the first country to sign the Stabilization and Association Agreement (SAA) with EU in early 2001, and second after Croatia with a candidate status in 2005, Skopje is still waiting for the start of negotiations. Few job positions, little opportunity for advancement, poor quality education are just some of the consequences faced by the youth of the country and this is seen as a reason for delay in implementing the reforms for membership in Euro-Atlantic structures.
There is also a lack of young people in the political arena as an opportunity for easier movement to the EU. Marini believes that such a thing will never happen without real pluralism of views, including the media.
“This is a kind of Balkan feudalism with deep influence of Turkey and Russia. EU values are difficult to absorb if the country is not prepared for them. Both Macedonia and the Balkans are not ready”. “Without the values of the EU, we cannot have young people in politics”. The annual report of the European Commission for the Western Balkan countries will be published in October.