THE KETMAN OF POLITICAL REPETITIONS
By Bardhyl ZAIMI
Elections require “shaking,” participation, striking rhetoric, mobilization to make visible political orientation. Elections require groups at all costs, because this only touches the supporters, followers who have already projected their “worship”. Sympathizers want banners, disqualifications, and sometimes brutally striking words. During elections, it is more difficult to remain a neutral, rational, modest and objective analyst of situations. This can in many cases appear and be regarded as a greater “heresy” than the very perception of their camps/groups.
Any attempt to see things from this dioptre can irritate the narrators because they do not recognize this predisposition to see the realities, which in no case can be limited to one election cycle. The party militant’s time is measured by electoral cycles, with the presence at rallies, with the “horizon” that emerges from the rhetoric of the noisy platforms. The present and future of the militants is a slogan, response, a temporary rebellion that has the party’s sign or momentary dissatisfaction, dissatisfaction that is trying to present itself as an absolute truth.
The militant’s time is an ideological urgency that only the government knows, despite styling that can be embroidered. The party militant’s time is a moment of “explosion”, a moment of domination, a moment of crowd, that does not know any truths other than what it absorbs in the “trance” of ideological hemispheres. The party militant’s time can be a hamburger or folklore lyric. It can be unlucky blindness, but it can also be a “rebellion” to change the side, to become louder and more loyal to another option.
A party militant does not always wear an ideological jersey. He can be “Prometheus” who requires ideological convergence after having previously played one party. The elections are a good ground for the next play, for calculated calculations, for the balance of bank accounts that he once had and is trying to have again. In fact, party militants seem cute about these camouflaged militants, who not from public opinion, but from the silence and the hazard targets, try to create the next moment for their benefits.
It is already known that during the elections intolerance among people increases. We have seen such “epic battles” during elections that have exacerbated the relations between people, which have taken ideological conflicts even in the family. Party ideologies do not care about people, because they are considered numbers, as an amorphous mass which climbs up the staircase of power. This is a time of political dueling that requires the irrationality embodied in the militants. This is a time of urgency, markets and flexibilities for power, often adorned with soft rhetoric and sometimes with strong rhetoric.
In general, this can be seen everywhere in the Balkan countries during elections. Even in Macedonia. Of course, this electoral masquerade is not just a fatality in itself, despite the fact that it aims to keep everyone stuck in this logic. The parties have their own bargains and interest groups. It moves towards European values that are claimed to be impossible to exclude these realities. They are present because of the lack of a democratic culture that stimulates a vicious circle which has long been delayed by other political sensibilities.
The parties have usurped the whole public space in time, and during elections this ideological “guillotine” becomes even tougher. To think differently, to be rational, tolerant, with arguments, means being out of “political” events projected by “minds” according to the logic of “Ketman” as defined by the Nobelist Czesław Milosz in his book “Captured mind”. And the argument about this situation can take us a little further. Totalitarianism undoubtedly implies the number one, in countries without a consolidated democratic tradition, totalitarianism may mean plural, or as we are accustomed to call it “pluralism”.
Already with some ten times cultivated minds, this hopeless state of mentality has been explained, living in the fog of political frustrations and predefined schemes that promote mental cramps. All political parties, without exception, are part of this lack of movement of this political and social “Ketman”, which recognizes only the limited space of repetition of fatalities. It is in the logic of politics and democracy the parties to aspire to power. But it is unacceptable to hold power and the goal of being part of the government to degenerate into recurrent, foggy and non-creative practices.
It seems that power and creativity are two opposing things. At least for the Balkans. And, the existence of this form of stifling policy is not so tragic, limited to experiences that have already been experienced. It is fatal that the view cannot be extended beyond this political “swamp” that keeps people in one place. The characteristic of average policies is generalization, while in detail, in specific policies, the difference is the one in the concrete cause.
Thinking beyond these schemes remains an attempt by Sisyphus, but inevitably if we want to get involved in the value system promoted by the EU. Europe is not just a slogan; it is a multitude of well-established practices that imply good governance, transparency, a dialogue and undisturbed cultivation of democratic life.
The Bulgarian author Maria Todorova has a remarkable book titled “Imagining the Balkans”. It is a book that seeks to clarify stigmatization in the region as a western reception. One of these stigmatizations is the title of a chapter in this book, “Down in the Balkans”. In order to become part of Western values, it is an imperative to think beyond the schemes in order to overcome this dark “metaphor” that politics keeps up with its repetitions!
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